We live in a planet which weather have been changing through the history, becoming a topic of matter among humankind. It can be seen on news, broadcasts, newspapers and other various media press. Moreover, many things are said about this phenomenon as it is affecting not a single group of people, but the whole living forms on Earth; therefore, there has to be a certain kind of concern from us, in order to avoid these changes continue affecting our planet in so many different ways. Besides, these changes happen gradually and in such a long term that people do not become aware of. But what we certainly know is that these changes have negative consequences on our planet, such as the icecaps melting and the increasing heat waves.

nowadays, people around the world has been focusing on facing climate change. Climate 

change is the major global challenge today, and the world is becoming more vulnerable to this 

change. The recent report from United Nations predicted that average global temperature 

could increase by 6˚ Celsius at the end of the century (Vidal 2013). 



      There are various potential impacts of climate change on human life. Firstly, the rise of sea 

level as a result of increasing global temperature and melting of polar ice. A report from Union 

of Concerned Scientist points out that average global sea level has increased by 8 inches 

since last century (Union of Concerned Scientists 2018). This increases the risk for low laying 

areas from flood and threats coastal properties. Nowadays, 65% of major cities are located in 

low-laying coastal zones (Nordhaus 2006, cited in Hunt & Watkiss 2010). Secondly, climate 

change may also affect on energy demand. European Environmental Agency claims that there 

has  been increasing  trend  in cooling  demand during  summer season  and predicts  30% 

increase in the use of energy by 2080 due to air conditioning (Hunt & Watkiss 2010).  Another 

impact of climate change is the effect on human health. The report from Intergovernmental 

Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) points out that climate change affects human health due to decreasing quality of fresh air caused by air pollution and disruption of food supplies (WHO 

2007).  These three  impacts  are  the major  impacts  of  climate change,  and  it  would be 

worsened by  the  rapid  growth  of  urbanisation  and  population.  Without  systematic  and 

organised action, such effects from climate changes will be become more difficult in the future. 


Climate change has already made conditions more favourable to the spread of some infectious diseases, including Lyme disease, waterborne diseases such as Vibrio parahaemolyticus which causes vomiting and diarrhoea, and mosquito-borne diseases such as malaria and dengue fever. Future risks are not easy to foretell, but climate change hits hard on several fronts that matter to when and where pathogens appear, including temperature and rainfall patterns. 

Another major cause of species loss is climate change, which can also change where animals and plants live and affect where diseases may occur. Historically, we have grown as a species in partnership with the plants and animals we live with. So, when we change the rules of the game by drastically changing the climate and life on earth, we have to expect that it will affect our health


        At the time the COVID-19 outbreak was declared a global pandemic, climate change was at the forefront of political conversations and agendas. It was considered to be a crucial time to take decisive action to protect the future of the planet. However, the world’s spotlight moved away from climate change as the impact of the pandemic wore on.

Now, scientists are highlighting the similarities between the two crises, even suggesting that climate change may have been a causal factor in the COVID-19 pandemic. Here, we highlight the relationship between the pandemic and climate change, assess the role of climate change in the pandemic, and review the proposal that responses to the pandemic and climate change should be aligned.


    Climate Change makes clear what is well-established and where understanding is still developing. It echoes and builds upon the long history of climate-related work from both national academies, as well as on the newest climate-change assessment from the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. It touches on current areas of active debate and ongoing research, such as the link between ocean heat content and the rate of warming.


There is very little doubt that global warming will change our climate in the next century. So what are the solutions to global warming? First, there must be an international political solution. Second, funding for developing cheap and clean energy production must be increased, as all economic development is based on increasing energy usage. We must not pin all our hopes on global politics and clean energy technology, so we must prepare for the worst and adapt. If implemented now, a lot of the costs and damage that could be caused by changing climate can be mitigated.

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